With summer over and people returning to work and school, contact levels may rise and those contacts may increasingly be indoors, where the virus spreads more easily. The government published the Winter Plan on 22nd Wednesday. Their approach in England is going to try to rely almost entirely on the vaccines to protect the country from Covid this winter.
Continuing rollout of vaccines, including the boosters and jabs for children
This includes greater use of face coverings, Covid passports and working from home orders – a “lockdown lite” as it has been dubbed.
The government is try to find a balance that “maximises risk reduction while minimising the impacts on our lives” Plan B The measures may not seem that significant considering the nature of lockdowns previously, but if infection levels do take off the growth as fast as it was last winter and the immunity cannot keep hospital admissions at bay, this is where the Plan B comes in.
II. Test and self-isolation policy
Changes to close contact self-isolation policy
- From 16 August 2021, Double-jabbed individuals and under 18s who are identified as close contacts will be exempt from the requirement to self isolate, but NHS Test and Trace advise the person who is identified as a close contact should take a PCR test as soon as possible to check if they have the virus and for variants of concern. Order a PCR home test online or by call 119, or go to a test site.
- Fully vaccinated adults are those who received their final dose of an MHRA approved vaccine in the UK vaccination programme, at least 14 days prior to contact with a positive case.
- Unvaccinated adults who are notified of a positive close contact will continue to be asked to self isolate.
- Anyone who tests positive will still need to self isolate regardless of their age or vaccination status a legal duty will still be in place.
- Individuals should also continue to self isolate immediately if they show COVID 19 symptoms.
What happens if a pupil tests positive?
All pupils are encouraged to carry on taking twice-weekly lateral flow tests at home.
- Pupils who test positive must isolate at home for 10 days.
- The child – or their parents – will be asked to provide details about close contacts.
- Children named as close contacts will be asked to take a PCR test. They will not have to self-isolate unless they test positive themselves.
COVID-19 booster vaccine
Booster vaccine doses will be available on the NHS for people most at risk from COVID-19 who have already had 2 doses of a vaccine. This includes:
- people aged 50 and over
- people who live and work in care homes
- frontline health and social care workers
- people aged 16 and over with a health condition that puts them at high risk of getting seriously ill from COVID-19
- carers aged 16 and over
- people aged 16 and over who live with someone who is more likely to get infections (such as someone who has HIV, has had a transplant or is having certain treatments for cancer, lupus, or rheumatoid arthritis)
- People who are pregnant and in 1 of the eligible groups can also get a booster dose.
Most people will be offered a booster dose of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine or Moderna vaccine. This means your booster dose may be different from the vaccines you had for your 1st and 2nd doses. Some people may be offered a booster dose of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine if they cannot have the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccine.
How and when to get your COVID-19 booster vaccine
- You’ll be offered a booster dose at least 6 months after you had your 2nd dose.
- The NHS will let you know when it’s your turn to have a booster dose. It’s important not to contact the NHS for one before then.
- Most people will be invited to book an appointment at a larger vaccination centre, pharmacy, or local NHS service such as a GP surgery.
If you have been contacted by the NHS You can book your COVID-19 booster vaccine dose online at NHS website.
Most people who can get a COVID-19 booster vaccine are also eligible for the annual flu vaccine. The flu vaccine is given free on the NHS to people who:
- are 50 and over (including those who’ll be 50 by 31 March 2022)
- have certain health conditions
- are pregnant
- are in long-stay residential care
- receive a carer’s allowance, or are the main carer for an older or disabled person who may be at risk if you get sick
- live with someone who is more likely to get infections (such as someone who has HIV, has had a transplant or is having certain treatments for cancer, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis)
- frontline health or social care workers
You can have the NHS flu vaccine at:
- your GP surgery
- a pharmacy offering the service
- your midwifery service if you’re pregnant
- a hospital appointment
COVID-19 vaccine for Children in the UK aged 12 to 15
Across the UK pupils aged 12 to 15 will be offered a 1st dose of a COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer) to help limit further disruption to their education.
- Parents and guardians will get a letter with information about when the vaccine will be offered.
- Most children will be given their vaccine at school.
- Some children are being offered 2 doses of the vaccine if they’re at high risk from COVID-19 or if they live with someone who is more likely to get infections
COVID-19 has not gone away so it’s important we remain cautious. By practising key behaviours we can continue to protect ourselves and others and help stop the virus spreading.
In addition to taking a PCR test, you may also consider:
- limiting close contact with other people outside your household, especially in enclosed spaces
- wearing a face covering in enclosed spaces and where you are unable to maintain social distancing
- washing your hands with soap and water or using hand sanitiser regularly throughout the day
- limiting contact with anyone who is clinically extremely vulnerable
- continuing to take part in regular asymptomatic testing
- staying at home if unwell to reduce the risk of passing on other illnesses onto friends, family, colleagues, and others in your community
随着夏季结束，民众和学生重返工作和学校，人们的社交接触会不断增多，天气变凉后，很多接触会发生在室内，在室内病毒更容易传播。 政府于22 日周三公布了冬季防疫的计划。今年冬天，英国政府将尝试全力依靠疫苗来应对新冠疫情。
包括更广泛的佩戴口罩、使用新冠护照和在家办公 – 也称为“精简版”的疫情封锁
政府试图 “最大限度地降低疫情的风险，也同时尽量减少对民众生活的影响” 。B 计划类似以前的疫情封锁，但防控措施不会像以前那样严格。如果今年冬季的疫情感染一旦像去年冬天一样迅速增长，大量病人需要入住医院，届时B 计划将被启用。
- 从 2021 年 8 月 16 日起，被确定为新冠密切接触者，但已经接种了两剂疫苗的个人和 18 岁以下的人士，将不需要进行自我隔离。同时，NHS检测与追踪部门建议被确定为密切接触者的人士应立即进行PCR核酸检测，以尽快检查自己是否也感染了新冠病毒，进行核酸检测也可以帮助政府了解有关新冠病毒变种的情形。家庭核酸检测包可在线预订或致电 119 预订，您也可以直接前往检测点进行核酸检测。
- 完全接种疫苗的成年人是指：已经接种了第二剂新冠疫苗（由英国药品和健康产品管理局MHRA 批准的疫苗），并超过至少 14 天以上的人士，同时在接种第二剂疫苗后的14天之内，未接触过新冠确诊阳性的人士。
• 新冠检测呈阳性的学生必须在家隔离 10 天。
• 学生本人 – 或其父母 – 将被要求提供所有密切接触者的详细信息。
• 被指定为密切接触者的学生将被要求进行 PCR 新冠核酸检测。 如新冠检测呈阴性，则不需要进行自我隔离。
- 16 岁及以上有基础健康问题，属新冠易感高风险的人士
- 16 岁及以上的照料者
- 16 岁及以上与属新冠高风险的人一起同住的人士（新冠高风险的人群包括艾滋病患者、接受过移植手术或正在接受某些癌症、狼疮或类风湿性关节炎治疗的人士等）
大多数人将获得辉瑞/BioNTech 或摩德纳/Moderna 加强疫苗，这意味着您的加强疫苗可能与您接种的第一剂和第二剂新冠疫苗会有不同。 如果某些人士无法接种辉瑞或摩德纳疫苗，他们可能会给与牛津/阿斯利康疫苗的作为加强疫苗。
大多数符合接种第三针新冠加强疫苗的人士，也有资格免费接种流感疫苗。 NHS 免费向以下人群提供流感疫苗：
- 年满 50 岁（包括到 2022 年 3 月 31 日年满 50 岁的人）
您可以在以下地点接种 NHS 流感疫苗：
12 至 15 岁青少年新冠疫苗接种
在英国，12 至 15 岁的学生将获得第一剂新冠疫苗（辉瑞），以应对因疫情对学校教学受到的影响。
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