WEEKLY UPDATE 6 NOVEMBER 2020 – 每周疫情快讯 2020年11月6日

The 3 Tier Alert system has been suspended and replaced with a set of national restrictions lasting 5.11.2020 – 2.12.2020. 

The key points are: 

1) You must stay at home except for 

  • Work – if you cannot work from home 
  • Education and childcare
  • Shopping for essentials 
  • Exercise 
  • Medical appointments 

2) Indoors including private gardens, outbuildings eg sheds

You must not mix with people who are not part of your household or support bubble

Exceptions 

You may go into someone else’s residence 

  • To carry out emergency work (eg electricians, plumbers) 
  • For childcare 
  • For provision of care to a vulnerable person 
  • To visit as a volunteer
  • To assist someone to escape injury or harm

3) Outdoors

You may go out for daily exercise or to visit public places (for example parks, canals) with your household including your support bubble.  If you are by yourself you can meet 1 person from another household.   Children under school age do not count towards the limit on numbers.  Playgrounds can stay open. 

4) Certain businesses must close including:

  • Shops selling non-essential items 
  • Pubs, bars and restaurants – takeaways and restaurants offering deliveries or click & collect can remain open 
  • Indoor and outdoor leisure facilities eg gyms, swimming pools
  • Entertainment venues eg cinemas, museums, casinos
  • Personal care facilities eg hair salons, nail bars

5) Ceremonies 

Funerals

Maximum of 30 people attending the funeral 

Maximum of 15 people attending any post-funeral activity eg setting headstone, scattering ashes

Weddings & civil partnerships

Weddings and civil partnership ceremonies are not allowed to take place except in very specific circumstances eg one partner is terminally ill

Places of worship can open for private prayer but collective worship is not allowed

6) Travel & transport 

  • You should not travel outside your local area except for specified purposes (see above)
  • You should try to avoid public transport. If you use public transport, you must wear a face covering unless you have a medical exemption
  • International travel is not allowed except for work or in emergencies
  • Hotels and BBs can only open for business travel and meetings 
  • If you are already on holiday or out of your local area, you do not have to return immediately but you must observe the new rules

7) Support for workers

Employees:

The new Job Support Scheme that was due to replace the furlough scheme has been temporarily suspended.  The furlough scheme will be extended.  The Government will pay 80% of wages for hours that employees cannot work capped at £2,500 per month; employers must pay for any hours worked at normal pay; employers must pay NI & pension contributions on all contractual hours. To qualify employees must have been on the PAYE payroll before 30.10.2020. 

Self-employed: 

The Government will pay self-employed people a taxable grant worth 55% of average monthly profits in a single instalment for the period November-January (capped at £7,500). To qualify you must have filed your 2019 tax return. 

Beware of scams – HMRC will put messages in your Government Gateway account.  

8) Aged 60+ or clinically vulnerable

The Government is NOT asking you to shield again. You are advised to follow the rules carefully, and to limit your contact with people outside your household or support bubble.

9) Care home visits 

The Government has stated that care home residents should be able to receive visits from family and friends.  Care homes should put in measures to enable covid-secure visits to take place.  

 10) Face coverings in secondary schools

Pupils and staff should wear face coverings in areas outside classrooms where social distancing cannot be maintained for example corridors. They should also wear face coverings on dedicated school transport. 

Summary

If you break the rules you may be fined. Fines start at £200 and are doubled for each breach up to £6,400. 

When lockdown end on 2nd December, the two options possible are:  

  • We revert to the Tier system 
  • The national lockdown is extended 

The transmission rate (‘R’) must go back below 1. It is currently 1.4 in Birmingham. 

How you can help bring ‘R’ down

  • Key messages from Birmingham Director of Public Health Dr Justin Varney at the weekly Covid-19 Community Champions briefing

Many people have cancelled medical appointments or refused to seek medical attention when they are sick or injured because they are worried about catching the virus or not wishing to take up NHS resources. As a result, they have become seriously ill and some people have died unnecessarily.  

GP surgeries and hospitals have taken steps to make premises covid-secure so it is safe for you to visit.  Dr Varney urges you to keep your appointments and seek help for sickness, accident or injury.   This message was also given by Dr Nye at our Wellbeing Forum. 

Dr Varney is concerned that the rate of testing has gone down in Birmingham. 

The Government is also concerned that only 20% of people with a positive result self-isolate.   

Self-isolation is critical to reducing transmission of the virus. You can be fined for failing to self-isolate. Fines start at £1k and can go up to £10k for repeated failure or refusal. 

Covid-19 Statistics 

Dr Varney advises against checking the Covid statistics every day as there can be outbreaks in workplaces, care homes or within households that create spikes and distort the figures. He advises to check once a week on the same day in order to see the trends.  

If you wish to check more frequently, we recommend downloading this app onto your device so you can check at your own convenience 

http://ukcovid19.nw.r.appspot.com/

We will report the ‘R’ number in the Weekly Update but will not be including graphs in future. You can find them on the BBC website Coronavirus page 

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-51768274

The information in this Update refers to England only

 

每周疫情快讯 2020年11月6日

3级疫情警戒级别系统暂时暂停执行,从11月5日星期四开始至12月2日星期三将实行为期1个月的全国封锁。 

新的限制措施主要包括:

1)除以下特殊原因外,您必须待在家中  

  • 工作–如果您无法在家远程办公 
  • 上学或儿童看管服务 
  • 购买生活或医疗必需品  
  • 外出锻炼身体
  • 看医生或有医疗预约

2)室内,包括私家花园,附属建筑,例如花园小木屋

您不可以与您居所以外的人或同一社交支持泡泡以外的人聚集 

可豁免的特殊情况

您可以进入到他人的住所 

    • 提供紧急维修服务(例如电工,水管工)
    • 提供儿童看管服务 
    • 为弱势群体提供照顾
    • 以志愿者的身份探访或提供帮助 
    • 帮助某人逃离受伤或被伤害的情形

3)户外

您和您同住的家人或属于同一支持泡泡成员可以外出锻炼身体或到公共场所(比如公园、运河),如果您是自己一个人外出,在户外您可以与1位来自另一家庭的人会面,学龄前儿童不计入人数限制,公共运动场所保持开放。 

4)某些商业场所必须关闭,包括:

  • 出售非必需品的商店
  • 酒馆,酒吧和餐馆–提供送餐或取单服务的外卖店和餐馆可以继续营业
  • 各种室内和室外休闲场所,例如健身房,游泳池
  • 娱乐场所,例如电影院,博物馆,赌场
  • 提供个人护理的场所,例如美发沙龙,美甲店

5)仪式

葬礼

最多可以有30人参加葬礼仪式

最多可以有15人参加任何葬礼仪式后的活动,例如设置墓碑,撒骨灰

婚礼&伴侣仪式

婚礼或伴侣仪式将不允许举行,特殊情况可以豁免,例如一位伴侣患上绝症

宗教场所可以开放,但仅允许私人祈祷,不可以进行集体崇拜

6)旅行和交通

  • 除特殊原因以外,您不可以去本地以外的地区旅行(请参阅上文)
  • 您应当尽量避免使用公共交通工具。 如果您需要使用公共交通工具,必须戴上口罩,除非您有医疗豁免。
  • 除工作或紧急情况外,您不允许国际旅行
  • 酒店和民居式旅馆仅对商务旅行和商务会面的人士开放 
    • 如果您已经在度假或不在您所在的地区,您不必立即返回,但必须遵守新的规定。 

7)工作人士的补助金

雇员:

原本即将推出新的 “就业支持计划” 暂时暂停执行,之前实施的“职位保留计划”将被延长。政府将为无法工作的雇员支付80%的工资,每月上限为2,500英镑;雇主必须按正常工资的标准支付员工已工作的时间; 雇主必须按劳工合同的工作时间支付员工的国民保险和退休金。符合申请资格的雇员必须是在2020年10月30日之前已经在英国税务局纳税系统(PAYE)登记注册。

自雇人士:

政府将在11月到2021年1月底的3个月期间向自雇人士发放第一笔补助金,补助金的额度基于平均营业利润的55%计算,一次性支付,最高限额为7,500英镑,补助金属于纳税收入。要符合申请资格,您必须提交2019年度的纳税申报表。

当心欺诈- 英国税务局HMRC会将具体信息发送至您在政府在线服务Government Gateway注册的帐户中。

8)60岁以上或临床虚弱人群

政府不会要求您再次居家屏蔽,但建议您认真遵守新的措施,并限制与您家庭以外或支持泡泡以外的人接触。

9)养老院探访

政府表示,养老院的居民可以接待家人和朋友的探望。养老院应当采取措施,确保提供安全可靠的探视环境。

10)中学校园戴口罩的规定

中学生和教职员工应在教室外无法保持社交距离的区域(例如走廊)戴口罩,在学校专用交通工具上也应当戴上口罩。 

总结

如果您违反规定,可能会被罚款。 罚款起价为200英镑,每次违规罚款加倍,最高为6,400英镑。

到12月2日全国封锁结束时,将可能有两个选择:

  • 恢复到疫情警戒级别系统
  • 全国封锁继续延长

新冠病毒的传染率(R值)必须降到1以下。伯明翰目前R值为1.4。 

您怎样可以帮助降低传染率“ R值”

  • 来自伯明翰公共卫生总监Justin Varney博士在疫情社区卫士简介会上的重要信息

因为担心感染新冠病毒或不希望占用NHS资源,很多民众在生病或受伤时取消了医疗预约或拒绝就医, 结果他们的病症转为了重症或死亡, 导致了不必要的伤亡。

家庭医生/诊所和医院已采取了相关的新冠防疫措施,使其成为公共安全场所,因此您可以去诊所或医院就医。 Varney博士敦促您按照已经预约好的时间去就诊,并在生病、出事故或受伤时寻求帮助。 吴有亮医生在我们组织的健康论坛中也给出了同一信息。

Varney博士对伯明翰新冠测试的检测率有所下降表示担心。政府关切的是,只有20%新冠测试呈阳性的患者会实施自我隔离。

自我隔离对于减少病毒的传播至关重要。您可能会因为未能自我隔离而被罚款。罚款起价为1,000英镑,如果屡次拒绝,罚款可能高达10,000英镑。

新冠疫情统计数据

Varney博士建议民众不要过于关注每天新冠疫情的统计数据,因为在个别工作场所,养老院或家居环境中,可能会出现局部新冠感染爆发的情况,从而使当日的统计数据明显升高或数据波浮很大。他建议民众可以选择一周里的一天,每周检查一次感染确诊率,然后进行对比,以查看趋势。

如果您想更频繁地查看疫情数据,建议您将此应用程序下载到您的设备上,以便随时查看

http://ukcovid19.nw.r.appspot.com/

我们将在以后的每周疫情快讯中报告新冠传染率 R值的变化,但将不再包含相关图表。您可以在BBC网站新冠疫情的网页上找相关信息

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-51768274

本周疫情快讯中的所有信息仅适用于英格兰地区

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