From 16th August, further restrictions on self-isolation and school students have been lifted. The Government’s latest strategy and focus on Covid are:
- Reinforce the country’s vaccine wall of defence through booster jabs and driving take up
- Enable the public to make informed decisions through guidance, rather than laws
- Retain proportionate test, trace and isolate plans in line with international comparators
- Retain contingency measures to respond to unexpected events, while accepting that further cases, hospitalisations and deaths will occur as the country learns to live with COVID 19
Changes to close contact self-isolation policy
- From 16 August 2021, Double-jabbed individuals and under 18s who are identified as close contacts will be exempt from the requirement to self isolate, but NHS Test and Trace advise the person who is identified as a close contact should take a PCR test as soon as possible to check if they have the virus and for variants of concern. Order a PCR home test online or by call 119, or go to a test site.
- Fully vaccinated adults are those who received their final dose of an MHRA approved vaccine in the UK vaccination programme, at least 14 days prior to contact with a positive case.
- Unvaccinated adultswho are notified of a positive close contact will continue to be asked to self isolate.
- Anyone who tests positive will still need to self isolate regardless of their age or vaccination status a legal duty will still be in place.
- Individuals should also continue to self isolate immediately if they show COVID 19 symptoms.
Changes to the Education Sector:
- Removing self-isolation for under 18s for the autumn term – a crucial step to reduce disruption to education and keep children in the classroom.
- The ‘bubbles’ will end for all children under 18, social distancing will no longer be required, and schools will not need to stagger start and finish times.
- Two onsite tests should be taken by each secondary school and college student on return, followed by twice weekly testing at home.
- The Government will review testing requirements by the end of September.
Opening up is not without risk, COVID-19 has not gone away so it’s important we remain cautious. By practising key behaviours we can continue to protect ourselves and others and help stop the virus spreading.
In addition to taking a PCR test, you may also consider:
- limiting close contact with other people outside your household, especially in enclosed spaces
- wearing a face covering in enclosed spaces and where you are unable to maintain social distancing
- washing your hands with soap and water or using hand sanitiser regularly throughout the day
- limiting contact with anyone who is clinically extremely vulnerable
- continuing to take part in regular asymptomatic testing
- staying at home if unwell to reduce the risk of passing on other illnesses onto friends, family, colleagues, and others in your community
So far, more than 47 million people have had a first vaccine dose. 87% of over 16s and nearly 41 million 75% of over 16s have had both doses.
Researchers say they are seeing some waning of protection against Covid infections in double-jabbed people.
The real-world study includes data on positive Covid PCR test results between May and July 2021 among more than a million people who had received two doses of Pfizer or AstraZeneca vaccine.
Protection after two shots of Pfizer decreased from 88% at one month to 74% at five to six months. For AstraZeneca, the fall was from 77% to 67% at four to five months.
Although some breakthrough infections may be happening, vaccines are still doing a very good job at protecting people against severe Covid illness and deaths.
Government is also considering a booster scheme which could start sometime in late Autumn. It remains unclear whether the booster scheme will be for all adults, or just some, more vulnerable groups.
III. Antibody tests offered to public
Antibody tests are to be widely offered to the UK public to find out more about how much natural protection people have after getting coronavirus.
The government scheme will offer tests to thousands of adults each day. Anyone over 18 will be able to opt in when having a PCR test from Tuesday 31st August – of those who test positive, up to 8,000 will be sent two home antibody tests.
The first of the finger-prick tests would have to be done as soon as possible after the positive result, so the body would not have time to generate a detectable antibody response to the infection.
The second would be taken 28 days later and measure antibodies generated in response to the infection.
从 8 月 16 日起，政府进一步取消了自我隔离和在校学生的疫情限制。
- 从 2021 年 8 月 16 日起，被确定为新冠密切接触者，但已经接种了两剂疫苗的个人和 18 岁以下的人士，将不需要进行自我隔离。同时，NHS检测与追踪部门建议被确定为密切接触者的人士应立即进行PCR核酸检测，以尽快检查自己是否也感染了新冠病毒，进行核酸检测也可以帮助政府了解有关新冠病毒变种的情形。家庭核酸检测包可在线预订或致电 119 预订，您也可以直接前往检测点进行核酸检测。
- 完全接种疫苗的成年人是指：已经接种了第二剂新冠疫苗（由英国药品和健康产品管理局MHRA 批准的疫苗），并超过至少 14 天以上的人士，同时在接种第二剂疫苗后的14天之内，未接触过新冠确诊阳性的人士。
- 从秋季学期开始，18 岁以下儿童将取消居家隔离的措施—这是减少教育中断，保障学生在校学习的关键措施
- 所有 18 岁以下在校学生的“安全泡泡”将被取消，校内不再需要保持社交距离，学校也无需采用错峰入学和离校的安排。
- 政府将在 9 月底前评估学生检测的措施。
到目前为止，已有超过 4,700 万人（16 岁以上）接种了第一剂新冠疫苗, 占成人总人口的87% 。近 4100 万人（16 岁以上）接种了两剂新冠疫苗，占成人总人口的75%。
这项研究数据是通过 2021 年 5 月至 7 月期间，对超过 100 万人，在接受过两剂辉瑞或阿斯利康疫苗后，进行新冠 PCR核酸检测呈阳性的人士。
辉瑞两次注射后的保护从一个月的 88% 下降到五到六个月的 74%。 对于阿斯利康，从一个月的77%，下降到四到五个月内的 67%。
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